Automatic On-Board Recording Devices (AOBRDs) and Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) are both technologies that help track and manage commercial fleets. But do you know how these recording devices are similar and how they are different? The recent mandate for ELD compliance makes it even more important for fleet companies and drivers to know the differences.
To begin, it helps to review basic definitions of the two terms. AOBRDs refer to electronic or mechanical devices that record driver status information — including engine use, driving speed and distance traveled, as well as the date and time of day. Electronic Logging Devices, known as ELDs, must meet specific requirements from the FMCSA and monitor the engine to track its use, vehicle movement, miles driven and engine hours.
Beyond these basic definitions, it will be helpful to more fully understand the detailed requirements for each type of device:
- Recording Requirements: Both AOBRDs and ELDs must capture basic driver duty information. This includes date and time, engine hours, miles, drive times, locations, and duty status. Location information must be recorded at each change-of-duty status.
- Tamper Prevention: In either case, the devices should be tamper-proof, though for AOBRDs, the requirement is not specified.
- Recording Requirements: In addition to basic information that both require, ELD-compliant technology must also record information that identifies the driver, the motor carrier and the specific vehicle, as well as logins, engine use changes and any malfunctions. Location information must be automatically recorded at change-of-duty status and engine on/off changes.
- Integral Synchronization: Although integral synchronization is technically required for AOBRDs, it was not well defined. For the ELD rule, integral synchronization must interface with the engine control module for automatic capture of engine status and hours, vehicle motion and miles.
- Tamper Prevention: ELDs cannot permit any changes or deletions of collected data or alterations of the data streams that source the information for the records.
- Transferring duty record to an officer: In the case of an AOBRD, the duty record is delivered in either display or print out format as a list of duty changes. By contrast, ELDs must transfer the record electronically to the safety official through wireless web and email or through USB and Bluetooth. The record also must include header information and a grid graph, as well as the duty data list.
- Special driving categories: While not addressed for AOBRDs, regulations for ELDs define special driving categories for both yard moves and authorized personal use. These must be manually selected by the driver and may or may not be used by carriers.
The main differences between AOBRDs and ELDs are in the amount and detail of information that must be recorded and in the specifications of recording features. Where AOBRD requirements were vague, the new ELD rule provides much more detail and restrictions on what will qualify.
For fleets and fleet companies, it will be important to keep these similarities and differences in mind when transitioning existing AOBRDs to ELDs. If you would like to learn how to ensure a smooth and effective transition, tune in for next week’s post ‘Transitioning Your Fleet from AOBRDs to ELDs’.
Did you find this useful? If you’d like to receive our future posts right to your inbox, just sign-up for your newsletter below:
BSM Technologies – A leading player in the M2M industry for 20 years, BSM continues to grow and has proven its sustainability in the GPS asset tracking and telematics industry. Our location-smart platform is ideal for managing the health and compliance of assets vital to your organization. Covering a wide range of industries from construction and rail to tanks and even HOS, BSM is your committed partner in assisting with all your fleet management solutions.
Today, our solutions are used to optimize and manage over 70,000 assets across 40 countries by some of the largest rail, construction, and commercial fleet organizations in the world. Experience our enterprise-focused solutions, robust capabilities, and customer-oriented culture.
We Think You Might Like This:
Narrowing Your Options for the Best GPS Fleet Tracker The search for the right GPS fleet tracking provider can seem daunting. At BSM, we take pride in our 20 plus years’ experience in partnering with companies to help them choose the right...read more
Basic Diagnostics for Fleet-Wide GPS Installs You’ve done this many times before, but just as you’re about to finish up this, you run into a problem. One of the GPS trackers you’ve just installed is not working right. Maybe it’s not receiving a GPS signal, or maybe...read more
Boost Railway Freight By Right-Sizing Your Railcar Fleet The key to rail profitability and efficiency is a railcar fleet that's exactly the right-size to meet your railway freight demand without overwhelming your operations. Too many railcars...read more